12 Ways to Keep Kids Motivated at the End of the School Year (author unknown)
Keeping kids motivated and on task at the end of the year is challenging at best. Yet, keeping kids motivated at this time of year is actually much easier than you might think. Since kids are more chatty and restless at this time of year, it’s just a matter of funneling that energy into something constructive
Here are 12 effective strategies to turn students' end-of-the-year energy into instructional success.
One of the easiest ways to keep kids on task is to create some simple learning centers and allow students to rotate through the activities with a partner. If you haven't used learning centers before, you might be surprised at how easy they are to implement. Here are some additional ideas and strategies on my learning center page.
If your students are bored by reading a basal text or doing test prep worksheets, they will definitely enjoy Literature Circles. The easiest way to get started is with Classroom Book Clubs, a relaxed and fun method that’s perfect for the end of the year. You can find loads of Literature Circles strategies on my website.
Creating a class scrapbook is a terrific way to wrap up the school year. Let each student design his or her own special page. The front of the page can include their name, a photo, illustrations, and other personal touches. Have each student write you a letter about the school year and glue it onto the back of his or her page. Add a student-created cover, laminate all pages, and bind the finished product with plastic comb binding.
Cooperative learning activities are naturally motivating to students. Being able to discuss ideas and interact with other students is a sure-fire strategy for keeping kids involved. The key is to establish clear guidelines for classroom management so the fun doesn’t become chaotic.
Read Aloud Marathons
There never seems to be enough time to read aloud during the school year, so it’s wonderful to have more freedom to do so after the pressures of testing are over. Instead of reading just 10 minutes a day, I enjoy spending 30 minutes or more sharing great books with my kids.
Involve the whole class in this meaningful writing activity, and everyone will end up with a treasured record of your school year. Start by brainstorming all the special events that have occurred throughout the year, and then ask each student to write about one of the events. Select a few students to serve as editors who compile all of the stories into one newspaper. Add digital photos, scanned artwork, quotes about the school year, awards and accomplishments – the list is endless! To conserve paper, produce the newsletter in digital form and email it to parents. Be sure to print one or two copies for students to share in the classroom.
A weekly incentive can work wonders to keep kids on task at the end of the year. Try to involve at least three teachers on your grade level in this weekly activity. Set aside a 30-minute block of time on Friday for “Fun Friday.” Each teacher signs up to host a different activity: Inside Games, Outside Play, or Study Hall.
In order to participate in Fun Friday, students must complete all homework and other assignments for the week. Those who don’t do their work spend the time in Study Hall, while the others can choose between Outside Play and Inside Games. You can find a Fun Friday sign-up sheet to use with this activity on my Odds N Ends page.
What could be more fun than a board game tournament that’s educational as well as exciting? Many families have Scrabble boards in their closets that they can lend to your class, and setting up a tournament is easy. You can find complete Scrabble Tournament directions and printables for the event on my Odds N Ends page.
When the weather turns warm and sunny, everyone longs to be outside. Many activities like reading, writing poetry, doing science experiments, or playing math games can be taken outside. Ask students to bring beach blankets or towels for these special times. Even a few minutes spent outside for a read-aloud session can offer a quick cure for the end-of-the-year blues.
From Egg Drop Challenges to Tower Building, team challenges motivate students to think creatively and work together in order to solve a task. You can find many such activities that integrate math and science at the AIMS Education Foundation website. One of my favorites is to have kids create Puff Mobiles from straws, large wooden beads, and paper. Go to their website at http://www.aimsedu.org and search for the Puff Mobiles activity.
You can also find these types of activities at the NC Science Olympiad website.
Ed Tech & Online Learning Games
I’m amazed at the number of free and inexpensive online learning games available. If you have a computer in your classroom, you have access to all sorts of online games such as the skill races at Arcademic Skill Builders or the stories read aloud on StoryLine Online. I’ve also begun to research iPad and iPod apps for kids, and I’m excited at what’s already available.
Challenge your students to work alone or in teams to create multi-media presentations. Possible topics include anything from a recap of the school year to their dreams for the future. If you think "multi-media" means PowerPoint, think again. Check out Prezi, Animoto, and Slideshare for some exciting alternatives.
With these strategies, learning is still the name of the game, but the learning goes far beyond tested skills. Your students will discover hidden talents and have fun doing so. Furthermore, the end of the year will become a time to celebrate, a time to share great memories of special times together.
QUOTES AND TIPS FOR TEACHERSTake time for yourself, and equally important, take care of yourself. We are in a better position to help others when we first learn to help ourselves.
Attention span is the length of time a person can devote to an activity before their mind wanders.
Psychologists vary on what they believe the “average” attention span of a child may be. Some assert that the child’s age plus two minutes is the average. That means most kindergarteners (most are five years old) have a seven-minute attention span. A 7th grader? 14 minutes. A 12th grader? 19 minutes. You get the idea.
7 minutes is the “average” time agreed upon by a majority of researchers. This may be why sales experts plan on a seven-minute attention span for an executive to listen to a sales presentation.
(excerpts taken by Sue Freeman Culverhouse)
Ways to help students maintain attention whether in school or when doing schoolwork at home? Provide movement breaks, brief brain exercise (have students do an unrelated task, such as “Write down 3 states and their capitols”), provide students with an interesting fact (“Did you know that there are more than 100 brands of bottled water in the US alone? About 500 world-wide?”). Like TV commercials (which also occur about every 7 minutes!), these brief breaks allow the brain to take a break and refocus its attention!
TEACHING IS CARING
It doesn't matter if peer tutors are in the same grade or a different grade. Students who are reluctant to ask the teacher for help may feel more comfortable asking a peer for help. If having same-grade students tutor their peers, reinforce the concept that everyone has strengths and weaknesses, so that the students being tutored do not feel inferior.
Accommodation Tip #1
Allowing extended time to complete assignments/tests is an accommodation that benefits many students, especially those who read at a slower rate or require additional time to process information. Current research by Russell Barkley, an expert in the field of attention deficit disorders, indicates that students with attention problems benefit more from the use of a timer or stopwatch when completing assignments/tests. Due to the nature of their disability, these students are often intrinsically motivated by having a stopwatch or timer on their desk or close by. The idea is to specify how many problems they need to complete within a designated time period. When their time is up, start the timer again and instruct them how many problems they need to complete this time. Continue to do so until the assignment/test is completed, then provide students with some additional time to look over their work and check for errors.
Learning From Mistakes
When students are unsure of how to complete a task, we may sometimes tell them to look around the classroom or at their partner and see what everyone else is doing; this can certainly be a tactic to help students learn. Along the same line, students need to learn that it is okay to make mistakes, and just as importantly, how to react when they realize they have made a mistake. Adults are often the best role models for this. The next time you incorrectly solve a math problem on the board, or misspell a word, point out the mistake, shrug it off with a small laugh, and verbalize how you will correct the mistake as you do it. This shows students that everyone makes mistakes, and provides a role model for how to react appropriately to mistakes. If students see adults reacting to mistakes with anger or disappointment, they may mimic these reactions and look at their mistakes in the same negative light. Remember, we are all human...we learn from our mistakes!